The Urology Clinic - Georgia Lithotripsy & Laser Center logo for print

120 Trinity Place
Athens, GA 30607

Phone: (706) 543-2718
Fax: (706) 353-3709

120 Trinity Place
Athens, Georgia 30607

(706) 543-2718

Kidney Mass

Many patients are seen in The Urology Clinic for the evaluation of a mass in the kidney. This mass may have been discovered at the time of an x-ray or ultrasound being performed for another reason (an incidental finding) or as part of an investigation into a patient’s symptoms or abnormal lab results.

Causes of Kidney (Renal) Mass

There are many causes for a mass in the kidney and may include the following:

  • Renal cyst (benign)
  • Anatomic variations
  • Infection of kidney
  • Hydronephrosis or partial blockage of kidney
  • Kidney tumors (benign and malignant)


The evaluation begins with a detailed history and physical examination and may include the following:

  • Urine cytology
  • Cystoscopy
  • CT scan
  • Renal ultrasound
  • MRI scan
  • Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC)


The course of treatment of a kidney mass is individualized to each patient. Many masses are benign (non-cancerous) and may need no further evaluation. Some masses require followup CT scan, ultrasound, or MRI imaging. Others that appear to be cancerous may be treated in a variety of ways depending on the size, location, and other medical problems and may include the following:

  • Radical nephrectomy
  • Partial nephrectomy
  • Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy
  • Laparoscopic cryotherapy


Kidney mass is a common reason for patients to be seen in The Urology Clinic, and we provide comprehensive evaluation and treatment for these individuals. When faced with a kidney mass, we will work with you or your family member to determine its cause and significance and decide if and what treatment is required.